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SQL SERVER: Convert Table Data to XML Format using FOR XML PATH()

Introduction: In this article I am going to explain how to convert sql table data to different xml format using FOR XML PATH().  


Implementation: Let’s create a temporary table for demonstration purpose and insert some dummy data into it using the following script.


CREATE TABLE #EmpTable
(
Id         INT,
Name  VARCHAR(100),
Age     INT
)

INSERT INTO #EmpTable
VALUES
(1, 'Aamir',24),
(2, 'Ranbeer',32),
(3, 'Alisha',23),
(4, 'Aalia',21),
(5, 'Varun',28)

--Check data
Select * from #EmpTable

Result:
Id
Name
Age
1
Aamir
24
2
Ranbeer
32
3
Alisha
23
4
Aalia
21
5
Varun
28

Now suppose we want to convert sql table data into the format given below:

<Root>
  <Employee>
    <Id>1</Id>
    <Name>Aamir</Name>
    <Age>24</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee>
    <Id>2</Id>
    <Name>Ranbeer</Name>
    <Age>32</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee>
    <Id>3</Id>
    <Name>Alisha</Name>
    <Age>23</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee>
    <Id>4</Id>
    <Name>Aalia</Name>
    <Age>21</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee>
    <Id>5</Id>
    <Name>Varun</Name>
    <Age>28</Age>
  </Employee>
</Root>

Then the query will be as simple as:
SELECT Id, Name, Age FROM #EmpTable FOR XML PATH('Employee'), ROOT('Root')


Now suppose we want to convert sql table data into the format given below:

<Root>
  <Employee Id="1">
    <Name>Aamir</Name>
    <Age>24</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee Id="2">
    <Name>Ranbeer</Name>
    <Age>32</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee Id="3">
    <Name>Alisha</Name>
    <Age>23</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee Id="4">
    <Name>Aalia</Name>
    <Age>21</Age>
  </Employee>
  <Employee Id="5">
    <Name>Varun</Name>
    <Age>28</Age>
  </Employee>
</Root>

Then the query will be as simple as:
SELECT Id AS '@Id', Name , Age FROM #EmpTable FOR XML PATH('Employee'), ROOT('Root')

Now suppose we want to convert sql table data into the format given below:

<Root>
  <Employee Id="1" Name="Aamir" Age="24" />
  <Employee Id="2" Name="Ranbeer" Age="32" />
  <Employee Id="3" Name="Alisha" Age="23" />
  <Employee Id="4" Name="Aalia" Age="21" />
  <Employee Id="5" Name="Varun" Age="28" />
</Root>

Then the query will be as simple as:

SELECT Id AS '@Id', Name AS '@Name', Age AS '@Age' FROM #EmpTable FOR XML PATH('Employee'), ROOT('Root')

Now over to you:
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